– What is adenomyosis and what are the causes?
– What are also the signs and symptoms of this condition?
Adenomyosis refers to endometriosis in the uterus. Endometriosis is a condition in which the mucous membrane that lines the uterus in mammals is found elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus.
This condition causes damages to the uterine wall. It is also similar to endometriosis, both endometriosis and adenomyosis are metaplasia conditions (they are diseased cells).
There are many similarities between adenomyosis and endometriosis as regards their diagnosis, signs, and symptoms as well as their causes.
The only major difference between the two is that adenomyosis is internal while endometriosis is external in relation to the uterus.
Adenomyosis can sometimes come without signs and symptoms but there are certain things that can cause it.
When an individual has adenomyosis, the likely symptoms that accompany it include the following;
- Heavy menstrual bleeding, this is also ‘menorrhagia’. The menstruation can also be prolonged as the case may be.
- The menstruation might also come with painful cramps ( dysmenorrhea. This refers to severe cramping or sharp pain in the pelvic region during menstruation.
- Pain during intercourse is also another symptom of this condition.
- Also, the inflammation of the uterus can occur.
- Painful bowel movement (dyschezia) is also another symptom.
- Burning urination or blood in the urine as well as uncomfortable urination.
- Amenia, this is the deficiency of the blood cells or hemoglobin.
If a woman notices one or more of the above symptoms, it is important that the individual visits a medical doctor for proper medical care or attention.
Also, this condition can come without any symptom. However, women should go for constant check-ups in order to know the state of their health, as well as to detect conditions as such.
Also, the simplest form of diagnosis is a sonogram (ultrasound) that doctors carry out endovaginally. Ultrasounds can detect adenomyosis.