What Is Paracentesis?


– The major procedures involved in paracentesis.

– Some basic facts you should know about paracentesis.

Paracentesis refers to a medical procedure that involves a needle drainage of fluid from a body cavity. This procedure is most common for the removal of fluid in the abdomen.

In this procedure, a needle or catheter will be inserted into the peritoneal cavity to obtain or drain ascitic fluid in the abdomen.

Excess fluid or fluid buildup is detrimental to the health and this is a major reason why once one notices excess fluid in the body, especially in the abdomen one should go for treatment.

When there is a fluid build up in the body, especially in the abdomen, abdominal discomfort and pain can occur. It can also lead to bloating, nausea and vomiting as well as irritation in the abdomen.

There are certain conditions that lead to the buildup of fluid in the abdomen. For instance, ascites refers to an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity ( this is often a symptom of the liver disease).


When a condition such as an ascites plague an individual, he or she will need to undergo paracentesis to get rid of the fluid.

The instruments that doctors can use for this procedure include; a needle, a cannula, a trocar, or a hollow instrument.

Also, this procedure serves as both a diagnostic procedure and therapeutic procedure for conditions such as ascites. It is essential to undergo this procedure. If you do not get rid of excess fluid in the abdomen, loss of appetite might occur.

Individuals with excess fluid also develop a bulging belly or a protruding belly. Therefore, to maintain a maximum health, go for a constant checkup.

The moment you notice the symptoms of excess fluid in your body or abdomen, it is necessary that you visit a hospital. In order to get rid of the fluid through the procedure of paracentesis.