– What you need to know about gum disease.
– What are the causes, symptoms, and treatments for gum diseases?
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the periodontium ( the tissues that affect the teeth). We can also refer to this as gum disease.
Periodontitis is also a severe gum infection that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications. It is an infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth which is the periodontium.
There are many types of gum diseases and many risk factors that contribute to gum diseases. For instance, if one has gingivitis and does not treat it in good time, it can result in periodontitis.
The risk factors of this gum infection includes the following;
1. Poor oral hygiene.
2. An irregular dental checkup is also a risk factor.
3. Gingivitis can also cause it.
4. The deficiency of certain nutrients that benefit the body and oral health is another cause, such as Vitamin B and C.
5. Age is another risk factor.
6. Genetic factors.
Also, there are diverse symptoms of gum disease. Normally, healthy gums are firm and pale pink in color. They fit around the teeth but when gum disease occurs, the common symptoms include the following;
- Inflammation of the gum can occur.
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Also, the color of the gum might change to bright red, dusky red or purple.
- Also, there will be a high tendency of bleeding in the gum.
- Bad breath is another symptom.
- Loss of teeth can also occur.
- One can also experience a difficulty in chewing or biting things.
One of the ways to prevent periodontitis is by practising a good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss it regularly.
Eat a good hygiene and eat foods that contain essential nutrients and vitamins.
Also, it is important that you visit a dentist regularly for checkup.