– What is the meaning of glaucoma and how does it affect the health?
– The causes and symptoms of glaucoma.
Glaucoma refers to an eye disease or an eye disorder which can as well be regarded as optic neuropathy. It is a disease of the optic nerve in that if one fails to treat it, it can damage the optic disc of the eye.
Glaucoma is a visual field loss due to lack of communication between the retina and the brain, it can lead to blindness.
The optic disc of the eye refers to the location where cell axons move from the eye to the optic nerve (the optic nerve carries visual information from the retina to the brain).
Glaucoma is a condition that one cannot afford to joke with, every part of the eyes is important so it is necessary we take care of the eyes. Also, this condition can be as a result of pressure build-up in the eyes.
There are many risk factors for this condition. Also, we have chronic glaucoma as well as acute glaucoma.
The causes of glaucoma include the following;
1. The build-up of pressure in the eyes can cause glaucoma.
2. Also, a severe or a sudden intraocular pressure which might be due to a blockage of fluid drainage by the iris can cause it.
3. Also, having a family history of this disease is a risk factor.
4. When a person has other eye diseases, this is a risk factor for this disorder.
5. The high fluid pressure inside your eye can also cause it.
The common symptoms of glaucoma include blurry vision, severe eye pain, high sensitivity to light, one-sided eye pain can also occur.
It is necessary that you treat this condition without any delay. If you fail to treat it in time, it can lead to a long-term visual loss.
Without treating it, blindness can occur or a total loss of sight.